The nature of science includes four major contexts:
The Living World
This strand is about living things and how they interact with each other and the environment.
The Planet Earth and Beyond
This strand is about interconnecting systems and processes of the Earth, the other parts of the solar system, and the universe beyond.
The Physical World
This strand provides explanations for a wide range of physical phenomena, including light, sound, heat, electricity, magnetism, waves, forces, and motion, united by the concept of energy, which is transformed from one form to another without loss.
The Material World
This strand involves the study of matter and the changes it undergoes. Students develop an understanding of the compositions and properties of matter, the changes it undergoes, and the energy involved.
– NZ Curriculum